Religious tourism Muslims has brightly expressed pilgrimage component. For every Muslim should, at least once in life to make the pilgrimage (Hajj) to the Holy city - Mecca and Medina. A characteristic feature is the sharp increase in the number of pilgrims-Muslims during the Hajj, which happens once a year, with varying depending on the lunar calendar dates. These cities are allowed to visit only Muslims, which limits the excursion component, because the visitors - representatives of other religions may not visit the main shrines of Islam.
History and the basis of religious doctrine of Islam
Islam is the youngest of the religion of the existing three faiths. In Islam, the Sunni (this direction by the great majority of Muslims) there is the cult of the saints. Nothing must not violate the principles of supremacy and unity of God and divert believers from the worship of Allah. Therefore, in Islam banned the image of God, human beings, animals. Accordingly, in Islam there is no iconography.
The absence of a cult of saints, miracle-working icons, monasteries - all this leads to the fact that in Islam, significantly less than in Christianity, the Holy places that attract tourists-pilgrims.
Islam was born in the VII century BC. E. in Western Arabia among the Arabs. The word «Islam» can be translated as «obedience to God».
Approximately in the year 570 A.D. in Mecca was born, the founder of Islam, the Prophet Mohammed. In 610, in the cave of mount Hira he was the Archangel Äæèáðàèë (Gabriel), who pointed out to him the word of God (Allah). Mohammed (the meaning of the name - «glorifies») did not know how to write, so recited these revelations, as the verses of God. This night of revelation known as the «night of glory». After this event for more than 20 years in Muhammad happened enlightenment, as in the presence of people, and when he was alone. The preaching of Muhammad met the resistance of a considerable part of the population of Mecca, so in 622, was held Hijra " resettlement of the Prophet in Medina. From this year begins the countdown of the Muslim calendar. In 629. Mohammed made his first and last pilgrimage to Mecca, where destroyed the tribal idols in the sanctuary of the Kaaba. on July 8, 632. The prophet Muhammad died in Medina in the age of 63 years.