In science, typically identify several types of pilgrimage, are classified according to various criteria:
1) the number of participants and family membership - individual, family and group of pilgrimage;
2) in length - long and short pilgrimage (previously to Russian Orthodox canons considered pilgrimage trip lasting more than 10 days);
3) seasonality - year-round pilgrimage, and to mark the religious holidays;
4) Object visit - visit religious places of worship (churches, monasteries, temples), and natural places of worship (mountains, lakes, caves, springs, woods);
5) the location of the object of pilgrimage - internal (within state borders) and foreign pilgrimage tours;
6) on the basis of binding - voluntary and compulsory pilgrimage tours (such as the Hajj pilgrimage in Islam is obligatory for every believer.)
Pilgrims usually put forward is much less demand for the level and quality of service, food, accommodation. They stop for the night in the cells of monasteries in ashrams in tent camps (during the Hajj, for example), can spend the night in the temple on the floor or even on the street. Food choice is usually small, and it is quite modest. In Christian countries during fasts Lenten food in India - a vegetarian.
Spiritual and pilgrim tourism has a narrow social and psychological base and geographic focus. Under the spiritual and religious tourism refers to travel tourists from North and South America, Europe, and Russia in the various centers of spiritual practice in the East, especially in India, Tibet, China, Nepal, Japan. Spiritual and pilgrim tourism is closely related to medical tourism. For example, many religious centers in India are centers of Ayurvedic treatment. In India, Ayurveda - is a complex science of treatment, rejuvenation and prevention of diseases that occur as the consequence of the energy of harmony between man and the universe. All sorts of practice and guidance, which gives many ashrams, and in the Golden City, often outside religions or have no direct (visible) religious background. Highlights their versatility for people of different faiths, nationalities, gender, age and profession. The purpose of these practices - to help people to solve their problems, and in his spiritual and moral self-improvement, knowledge of their inner spiritual nature.
It should be noted the proximity of the spiritual and religious tourism and other types of tourism. For example, each year many tourists visit China for practicing qigong. Qigong - a complex movement and breathing exercises. Qigong helps people gain great stamina, energy, or Qi, the Chinese believed. So this trip has elements of religious, sports, medical and health tourism.