Pilgrimage tourism - a collection of travel of representatives of various faiths a pilgrimage purposes. Pilgrimage - the desire of believers to worship the holy places.
Among the reasons for the pilgrimage are the following:
- The desire to be healed of mental and physical ailments;
- To pray for the family and friends;
- Find grace;
- To fulfill the God-pleasing work;
- Otmolit sins;
- To express gratitude for the blessings sent from above;
- To show loyalty to the faith;
- The desire for asceticism in the name of faith;
- Find the meaning of life.
Pilgrimage implies a certain relation of man to the present. The idea of ??pilgrimage involves action in any difficulty, freely undertaken obligations to be in these circumstances. It symbolizes man's readiness to sacrifice transitory material values ??in the name of eternal spiritual. In Hinduism, Catholicism and Orthodoxy have developed walking pilgrimage. People go on pilgrimage, when they not ritual in place of the normal living environment.
The term "pilgrimage" is believed to philologists, derives from the word "palm" - is the branch of the tree brought the first Christian pilgrims who visited the Holy Land during the holiday "Entry into Jerusalem." During the triumphal entry of Jesus into Jerusalem believers strewn his path branches of palm trees. In Russia, this festival was named "Palm Sunday." Pilgrimage traditions rooted in antiquity. In India, people from ancient times traveled to the holy places, filled with the energy of a particular deity. In ancient Greece, pilgrims from all over the country came to Delphi to the prophetess Pythia, who lived in the temple, for predictions. In medieval pilgrimage widespread. Wandering pilgrims in Palestine already in the III. n. e. When Emperor Constantine had built the temple in Jerusalem, such as the Temple of the Holy Sepulchre. In the XV century. for pilgrims from Europe were developed routes, or "road builders", from the shores of the Rhone to the Jordan River. However, most of the first guide for pilgrims, or "itenirarii", were written in Greek in Byzantium in VIII century. The most popular among the pilgrims enjoyed itenirary "Short story of the countries and cities of Antioch and Jerusalem, and Syria, Phoenicia, and the holy places of Palestine," written by John Fok Byzantines in the XII century. Crusades consolidated tradition of pilgrimage to the Holy Land. According to the WTO, the annual pilgrimage of more than 200 million people.