Of the 9 million Tunisians two thirds live in the fertile lands of the northern and central regions of Tunisia. Of these, about 1.9 million - in the Greater Tunis. As in almost all developing countries, in Tunisia struggling with a high rate of population growth and the outflow of people from the countryside. More attractive to young people the big cities - Tunis and Sfax. The same intensive migration is observed on the coast, where are opportunities through tourism earnings Because the Arab conquest and subsequent entry into the territory of Arab nomads eventually merged with the Berbers, the indigenous inhabitants of Tunis, and the Arabs. Today, only about 50,000 of these Berbers live in the south and on the island of Djerba. Only in a few enclaves such as Djerba or Chenin in Dahar, speak Berber dialect, and it is always mixed with Arabic and French - the two languages ??of international communication in Tunisia.
In some cities, there are small Jewish communities. Even during the French protectorate, Jews represented a layer of the most influential and most wealthy artisans and merchants. After World War II, many Jews emigrated to Israel. Today, the largest Jewish community, who lives on the island of Djerba, has about a thousand members. Synagogue of La Ghriba - the main place of pilgrimage for North African Jews.
Tunisia's state religion is Islam. Founded at the beginning of the Prophet Muhammad in the VII. in the commercial city of Mecca in Arabia, Islam in the chain of unprecedented victories conquered Arabia, the Middle East and North Africa. Arab commander Okba ibn Nafi in 670 established the first mosque in the Maghreb and the most ttem laid the foundation stone Ggoroda Kairouan, one of four holy cities of Islam. Tunisian Muslims belong to the Sunni branch of Islam, and ibadity living on the island of Djerba, follow the teachings that orthodox Islam regards as heresy.