** Tunisia - La Goulette - Carthage ** - ** Sidi Bou Said - La Marsa - Gammarth - Tunisia ** (37 km)
The route runs along the outskirts of the capital and provides as visiting the excavations at Carthage, and familiarity with a truly magnificent Mediterranean luxury villas and palaces of Arab in Sidi Bou Said. In this tour, lasting about one day can go by public transport (train station (TGM) «Tunis - Marine», Av. Habib - Bourguiba) (Tunisia - La Goulette - La Marsa).
The causeway crossing the Tunisian harbor, tourists leave ** Tunisia (p. 26) and sent to La Goulette (la Goulette; 50,000 inhab.), 11 km, Tunis harbor, pier for ferries coming from France and Italy (Well / train station «La Goullette»).
Carthage-Salammbo (g / d station "Sarthage-Salammbo»), 16 km, is a quiet, built villas quarter, where the excavations had traces of Tophet - the area in which sacrifices puniytsy. This is where ancient Carthage **.
According to the ancient history of this Tophet sacrificed first-born boys of the patron god Baal-Hammon, and from the V century. BC and the goddess 1anit. The whole ritual with extraordinary expressiveness described by Gustave Flaubert's novel "Salammbo" (1862). In the search for in-ny-ing graves archaeologists have found about 50,000 urns containing the remains of babies. On reduced tombstones carved with a chisel can be distinguished symbols of gods, crescent moon or a stylized female figure with raised arms - symbol of the goddess Tanit, and the disk of the sun - a symbol of Baal-Hammon.
Located near the harbor of Carthage Tophet, which later served the Romans: trade harbor in the south and the military in the north. They are of interest only to historians of navigation.
Similarly, only for the fans interest Birsa hill on which the cathedral of St. Louis, a prominent everywhere. Visiting this cathedral can only recommend to tourists, with a particular interest in architecture (g / d plant «Carthage-Dermech» or 15 min. Walk from the harbor). During the excavations in the so-called quarter puniyskom under the Roman buildings were discovered puniysksh aqueducts, which studies have shown how cleverly supplied with water high, even six-storey buildings.
For archaeologists, these findings are invaluable, as an outside observer to understand that chaos is difficult. In the first century AD the Romans first leveled the place, where the ruins of the destroyed in 146 BC Carthage, placed around the hill costly retaining walls and thus increased its flat top built forum. Finds made during the excavation, on display at the National Museum of Carthage (Musee National de Carthage) on Birsa hill.
The largest number of tourists in Carthage attract ** terms of the emperor Antoninus Pius in the Archaeological Park term Antoninus Pius (Park archeologique des Thermes An tonin) (g / d plant «Carthage-Hannibal»). Baths were built between 146 and 162 years. in an amazing location by the sea. They were the largest in the Roman Empire after the term of Trajan in Rome. The aristocracy of Carthage met here for leisure swimming and business calls. Still visible today, retaining walls belong to the basement, which housed the equipment and were servants. Of the building itself survived only several massive marble seats. Terme is located near the summer palace of the bey - now the residence of the president of Tunisia. Photograph is prohibited.
On the contrary, in the Archaeological Park of Roman villas, is exemplary renovated and decorated with luxurious mosaic Roman aristocrat house (Maison de la Voliere).
On the road to Tunis are the ruins of an amphitheater, the arena in which the III. Christians were killed.
All excavations in Carthage to explore available daily. 7.00-19.00, in winter 8.30-17 30. To visit all the facilities one valid ticket, which can be purchased at the National Museum and in both archaeological park. Log-4TD).
After two stops you will be high above the Bay of Tunis in the charming ** Sidi Bou Said (Sidi bou Said), 19 km. White and blue - the colors of the main buildings, which in the early 20's. on the initiative of the British Baron Erlanzhera were taken under protection as historical monuments.
Rises steeply up the main street leads past galleries and souvenir shops to cafes "Nutt» («Cafe des Nattes»), probably the most famous cafes Tunisian watercolors by Auguste Macke "View of the mosque." It is necessary to order a cup of tea with mint. You can relax and at the restaurant «Dar Zarrouk».
If you want to see how people lived at the beginning of the century in the exotic East, please visit the Center for Music in the Arab world and the Mediterranean (Ennejma Ezzahra). In the palace of Baron Erlanzhera atmosphere truly oriental splendor. The Museum of Musical Instruments, placed on the ground floor, collected all the musical instruments that exist in the Arab world. Unconditional value are Maalouf concerts that are held from time to time in the library of the palace.
(Opening hours: daily. 9.00-12.00 and 14.00-17.00)
In La Marsa (La Marsa), 21 km, ending the railroad. Coptic Christian village has now become a fashionable resort. The famous little cafe «Saf - Saf» located on the market square, near the well Hafsid era.
From La Marsa walking (about 3 km) past the boutiques, fine restaurants, beach hotels and elevated high above the bustling streets of the military cemetery, the burial place of the French soldiers during World War II, to Gammarth (Gammarth), 24 km. The restaurant «L e Grand Bleu», located on a hill, you can admire the magnificent view and tasteful finish this tour on Tunisia beauties and rich. Return to Tunis best taxi.
Le Grand Bleu,
Tel.: 01/74 65 04.
Gourmet restaurant, high above Gammarth, with very good French-Arab. Ltd.