Cap Bon area - one of the most fertile and most beautiful regions of Tunisia. Ring round the Cape of allowing tourists to successfully combine the experience of landscapes, visiting archaeological sites and local cuisine. By car on this route can be driven in one day, on public transport - two, dividing the route into two stages.
Beginning in the zone * Hammamet, Nabeul (p. 33), the road runs along the coast through the bustling towns.
* Kelibia (Kelibiaj, 70 km) distance attracts travelers with its castle overlooking the small, quiet fishing village. Traces of settlement are here to puniyskim times. Fortress founded by the Byzantines, in the XIII century. her Hafsids capitally reconstructed. Wonderful beaches in the bay at the foot of cliffs with standing on her strength almost spent. If it is implemented Tunisian-Italian project "Kelibia La Blanche", soon here, probably, there will be a second "Port el Kantaoui."
Currently Kelibia restaurants you can eat good quality, first of all, and at affordable prices, second. Be sure to try the exquisite white muscat «Muskat de Kelibia».
The excavations at ** Kerkuane (Kerkouane), 83 km, located about 13 km from Kelibia, represent a kind of archaeological sensation. At first glance, the excavation site look a little disappointing, because in addition to the usual foundations of houses do not seem to see that. However, tourists should bear in mind that in this case, they face only puniyskim city, hitherto found in Tunisia archaeologists. Tourists have plenty of time for observation, can make an interesting discovery: puniytsy - in contrast to the Romans - not built public baths (term) in each house had sanitation facilities, and each house was thus connected to the sewerage network. Carved in stone sitting baths look just tiny. However, as small look and foundations of homes - compared with grandiose Roman villa Carthage and Utica. On the question of whether rich or poor were kerkuantsy, archaeologists are not yet in a position to give an answer. In any case, he was known for a very expensive dye, like purple, extracted from rotting on the shore of a certain type of shellfish (iglyanok). Places where produced purple, found by archaeologists near the town. At the City Museum with beautifully decorated exhibition presents the best of archaeological Kerkuana daily. 9.00-19.00, 9.00-16.30 in winter).
Unfortunately, a look at the highest point of Cap Bon, distant from Sicily only 140 km, does not succeed, as the top ridge DzhebelAbiod a protected military zone. Not far away is the fishing village of El Auariya * (EL-Haouaria), 94 km. At the beginning of spring this village wakes up to a new life, when his men go hunting falcons hawk. Birds caught networks and are trained to use them in a relatively short hunting season. From late May to early June falconer let their birds at will - the reason for the amazing festival that draws in El Auariyu tourists. Several kilometers away from the village are the quarry Roman era Ghar el-Kebir (Ghar el - Kebir), in which the slaves quarried stone for the construction of Carthage. Underground caves, which were formed at the same time, bought bottle-shape. On examination of caves necessarily would benefit guide.
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Near the quarries, served rare species. GS
Sidi Daoud (Sidi-Daoud), 102 km, is located on the west coast main income residents receive from catching tuna, more hunting for him. Each hunt is a bloody spectacle that attracts this faceless crowd of curious village. In particular, at the end of XIX century. French writer Guy de Maupassant called these fishermen in matanzas SidiDaude (and generally on the east coast of Tunisia) "terribly exciting." Matanzas sense is that the tuna - through a system to administer and networks - driven into a special chamber, where he slaughtered with machetes.
* Korbus (Kourbous), 156 km. The resort, which is a dream here looking for healing even the Roman nobility. Warm mineral springs have been forgotten for a long time - as long as the former glory of them have not returned Husaynid.
Small villa in Korbuse owned Habib Bourguiba. It makes sense to see a wellness center, located in a former palace Husaynid where tourist can improve their health by water containing mineral salts. It is possible that over the years has lost its local, applies centuries miracle - the cure for infertility: a stone "zerziha." This ground for centuries stone block promises every woman who proberetsya under him happiness of motherhood in the near future.
In Korbuse rocks abruptly break into the crystal clear sea. On the section length of approximately 12 km coastal road makes a dizzying twists, twisting the rugged places not typical for such a hospitable Cap Bon.
* Soliman (Soliman), 174 km. The last stop on the route around the Cape of Cap Bon. The town was founded in the beginning of the XVII century. as a place of settlement of refugees from Andalusia. In many parts of the population still shows itself Andalusian-Moorish heritage. This minaret, decorated with tiles, this is wonderful balconies, it bars on the windows of houses. Village got its name from the name of a large landowner, a Turk by birth, who settled here around 1600, Soliman - an important trading center. It is famous for its fertile lands, giving the capital of wine, fruits and vegetables.
Soliman of the road goes to the main locality "Garden of Tunisia" Grombalia industrial town, 145 km, from the busy market, trading on Mondays From here you can go back to * Hammamet, 213 km on the highway or on the highway P1.
Puniyskoy material culture objects buried under thick cultural layers of Rome, Byzantium. If archaeologists generally can identify puniytsev construction techniques and are able to make plans for their cities and temples, then, faced with a question about the lifestyle and character of the people, they have to simply surrender. According to current knowledge, to answer the question of what was the puniytsy objectively not possible.
For a long time history was satisfied just shared Greco-Roman views on puniytsev: cruellest people who, drunk with blood, brought their children to the gods, greedy, petty, deceitful and always concerned only their profits. The words «Fides punica», ie "Puniyskaya (in) fidelity" became a brand that in Rome awarded particularly unreliable citizens. The fact that such a negative response was due to competition for control of the trade routes in the Mediterranean Sea, it is obvious.
After the conquest of Carthage, Rome very carefully destroyed all puniyskoe. Burned the library of puniyskoy era there was not a written monument up to praise the deity thousands of inscriptions on tombstones.
However, what came from Carthage, not only the stench of blood sacrifices, but also something else, proves herself Latin. Words «Mala punica» Romans called imported from Africa pomegranates, and the term «Pavimenta-punica» Cato the Elder called "decorated rammed sex", then part of the fashion in Rome. In Kerkuane - like floors have many homes.
The basis of the floor is a layer of red cement, which are interspersed with pieces of marble and other different colored stones. This floor, in fact, - the predecessor of the mosaic. For puniytsev was generally characterized by a pronounced interest in all practical value. So, for example, benefit agriculture, written puniyskim agronomist Mahon, had a value that the decision of the Roman Senate, it is the only one of puniyskogo written heritage was translated into Latin. We note that the Mago was located just on the Cape Bon.