* Houmt Souk - Midoun - El Kantara - Tellala * - * El May - ** La Mushroom - * Houmt Souk (70 km)
Djerba, a rather large island (514 km 2), where Odysseus was once almost forgot about the ultimate purpose of his journey, now attracts its many kilometers of sandy beaches nearly half a million tourists from the "cold" of Europe. And for luxurious waterfront hotel lies an ancient Djerba, where peaceful coexistence of different religious communities.
A tour of the island you can take also on bicycles - in stages one day each (bikes can be rented at the hotel or in the city Houmt Souk). Motorists can get to the Djerba by ferry from the village Zhorf (Jorf). From the south or east side of the island you can get to the reconstruction efforts in the later times of the Roman dam, located between El Kantara Conti-nental and island double ElKantara Ile (El Kantara Ile). For cars on the island set the speed limit: 60 km / h
The main town of the island is called Houmt Souk (Houmt-Souk; 25 000 inh), which means' bazaar quarter. " This name refers to the way of life of the inhabitants of Djerba Island, with its boundless fertile plains, each family had lived for centuries in a obstvennoy estate with gardens and olive groves. Neighbors met at the market, who worked in the days of the week, there settled by local merchants, as well as strangers, there arose a whole town.
In Houmt Souquet small bustling bazaar area, which primarily offers souvenirs to tourists, limit two mosques built in the XVII century. Djerba is famous as its fabrics and products skilled jewelers, many of which belong to the Jewish community here and there in the wall niches sheltering shops, which sell everyday products, so wandering through the market will allow you to get a very interesting experience, observing, for example, at how lively fish auction takes place. Monday and Thursday - here on market days. Previously traders camped on special inns, hazelnuts, where they also stored their goods with complete confidence in their safety. Nowadays, some hazelnuts used as unpretentious, but very picturesque hotels.
In the city's harbor on the island's history can tell a built in XV century. * fortress Borj el-Kebir in 1560 the infamous privateer Dragut ordered to build in front of her so-called skull tower, built of bones died fighting the Spaniards. Before that, the island claimed by the Normans, Spaniards, and the representatives of some Tunisian dynasties. Djerba residents desperately fought against the foreign yoke; still today they are considered particularly prone to rebellion.
ONTT on Av. Habib-Bourguiba,
tel.: 05/65 00 16.
Air: International Airport Melitta (near Houmt Female): flights to Tunisia, Tozeur, Monastir, scheduled and charter flights to Europe.
Bus: № 10 and 11 are sent to the time interval in accordance with the schedule of circular tours of the island. In addition, travel to certain settlements between or you can take a bus to another route or rent a car.
Marhala Touring Club
located close to the Turkish mosque.
tel.: 05/65 01 46.
Exotic city hotel in a former hazelnut. About
Located in the harbor Houmt Bitch
tel.: 05/65 04 88.
A wide selection of fish dishes, as well as national Tunisian cuisine. Good service in a beautifully decorated rooms, pre-orders are recommended. GS
located on the Place Hedi-Chaker,
tel.: 05/65 07 08.
Modest cafe in the center of the city. GS
Restaurant de I'lle,
Located on Rue Moncef-Bey,
tel.: 05/65 05 75.
Prices taken at a restaurant table with a home. About
Street outside the city limits and should be along the lines of a gentle low shore toward purlieu tourists - the beach of Sidi Mahrez (Sidi-Mahrez). For about 10 km away, cozy apartments and bungalows ruthlessly penetrate inland. For the lighthouse located at Cape Tagernes Ras (Ras Taguerness), the picture changes: hence south along the beach Seguya (Plage de la Seguia) stretches strip of hotels that look more elegant and provide their guests with the perfect opportunity to combine all available beach fun in a truly Paradise conditions with interesting excursions, including trips to the south of Tunisia.
ONTT, Rue Obeid Allah, just beyond Scythia, information materials and brochures hotels.
Bus: Buses extension number 10 and 11, see Houmt Souk.
Located on the beach of Sidi Mahrez,
tel.: 05/65 76 57.
Great hotel with great water parks, a gym, hammam and sauna. Ltd.
Located near the lighthouse Ras Tagerness.
tel.: 05/65 71 91.
More than 2,500 seats. One of the largest hotels in the Mediterranean. For those who prefer to spend time among her circle, in essence, is a small, isolated town. GS
Located on the beach SidiMahrez.
tel.: 05/65 76 71.
Modest family-run guesthouse in the early beach area. About
Camping: On the beach Seguya.
Just a few kilometers away and you find yourself in a village Midoun (Midoun), 24 km. It is exactly the same as Houmt Souk, arose on the site of the former slave market, which traded mostly black slaves from Africa. Some of them left to live here. This to their ancestors many miduntsy obliged dark complexion. Soil fertility due to the fact that ground water is less saline.
El Kantara Ile (El Kantara lie) 36 km. The largest town of the island, and in Roman times it was called Meninks. The settlement on the site of an earlier Phoenician settlements. The fact that the isthmus between the island and the village of El Kantara Continental (Mainland) can be converted into a dam, known since Roman, and perhaps even the Phoenician builders. Modern dam between El Kantara Ile and the mainland is on the track of his ancient predecessor, which lasted until 1551, until it was destroyed by a corsair Dragut.
Village Guellala (Guellala), 49 km, is located at the highest point of the island (60 m above sea level), and its inhabitants remain mysteries of the ancient pottery, which is almost everything else has fallen victim to Tunisia flow of Nabeul ceramics. In Guellale made unglazed vessels for food storage, a model for which, of course, are ancient amphorae.
Seduykesh (Sedouikech), located within the island on the road leading to El May, is a typical village of the inhabitants of the island of Djerba. Houses are separated from each other over long distances, and are surrounded by gardens and hedges of prickly pear. Only in the center of the village, they are closer and closer to each other. In El Mee is one of the most beautiful mosques in the island. At first glance, this impressive building with lime bleached window openings similar to the loopholes, you can take more of a fortress than a mosque. Powerful buttresses supporting the walls of the nave of the mosque, topped with a couple of small domes over the mosque minaret towers, resembling a watchtower.
In the north of the island is the town of Riyadh (Er Riadh, 63 km), formerly known as Hara Segira (Nara Seghira). Here is the most revered places of worship of the island - La Synagogue ** Mushroom (La Griba). The ancestors of the Jews living in Djerba, apparently, moved to the island after the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar. According to other legends, they fled to the West for fear of the Romans in 70 AD Anyway, in many cities, there are Jewish communities of Tunisia. Previously, the Jews enjoyed the bazaars very significant influence, are concentrated in the hands of fabrics and mostly trade ornaments. Many refugees, forced to emigrate as a result of the Reconquista of Andalusia, also professed Judaism. After the founding of the State of Israel and the subsequent escalation of tension between Israel and the Arab states most of the North African Jews left their homeland. Only a few thousand. Now La Ghriba Synagogue (in the words of two values: "Miracle" and "stranger") is the most important object of pilgrimage for Jews on the island of Djerba.
Before entering the synagogue should cover her head (scarves and hats for men) and they take off their shoes The building of the fret and the stained glass windows. Torah scrolls are related to the oldest known in the world of Judaism, visitors are not on display.
The synagogue is to drive another 10 miles to the center of the island - * Houmt Souk. The entire route - 70 km.
Muslims ibadity in Djerba
The population of the island of Djerba is mostly Berber Muslim ibaditskogo sense (p. 11) and have found here their last resort. The island has only a few sources of drinking water, and that much of salty, so rain water during rare rainfall collected in a tank, available in each farm. Despite all the adversity and the blows of fate, residents of Djerba do manage to get on the ground giving birth to their dole amazing yields.
Manor residents Djerba - Hausch - much like a fortress: adobe walls, whitewashed with lime, devoid of any decoration, creating the impression of closure, inaccessibility. Often over the estate stands a guard tower, sometimes visible small mosque minaret, and in prayer islanders prefer to communicate with God alone. Hedges of prickly pear protects homestead from the evil eye. If the family is quite well-off, it may also belong to Djerba and olive groves - one of the few regions of Tunisia, where in colonial times is not developed large estates and thus, there was no displacement of small landowners. Here, almost every family owns his piece of land.
Very unique and ibaditskaya architecture, reminiscent of the style of buildings in the oasis of the Algerian Mzad where also live ibadity. Use in the construction of such a plastic material such as clay, - leaves no chance for the practical implementation of the exact right angle or a strict square in cross-section of the tower, the walls of houses, mosques and estates always rounded, somewhat uneven, even vague and perhaps therefore seem so harmonious.