Five centuries of Roman domination in Tunisia left countless monuments of ancient architecture, and almost completely destroyed the traces of the precursors of the Romans - puniytsev and Numidians. More than 200 cities numbered province proconsular Africa during its zenith in the II-III centuries. BC So far, only a small part of them affected the excavation, so that science is waiting for many more discoveries.
The high level of economic development of the provinces affected the nature of urban development in its territory. At the time, representatives of the wealthiest communities usually did not live in luxury holiday villas, and in the city, the cultural and political center of the region. In Tunisia, such as villas - characteristic feature of Roman settlements.
In Roman Africa, elements of Roman and Greek styles merged with the Numidian puniyskim and architectural heritage. So there was the Roman-African architecture, which is very loosely applied to the classical canons of the construction of cities and the construction of temples and homes: a clear grid of streets, as is preferred in the metropolis, took place only in rare cases. In Tunisia, so the city is developing in line with the old, confused buildings already existed here before puniyskih or Libyan settlements.
It was almost impossible to follow the traditional notions of the proper building of the Roman city. Locate the forum at the intersection of the main axes of the city («Cardo» and «Decumanus maximus») failed almost never. Capitol, which was to rise above the forum, often erected on a specially built plinth. The appearance of a Roman temple with portico and closed Zell puniyskomu exposed to a strong influence. Before Zell with a statue of the deity is a walled courtyard, similar to puniyskuyu traditional area for sacrifice - Tophet. Sometimes the temple gets different, non-traditional forms, such as a semi-circle (the symbol of the goddess Tanit puniyskoy) or clover leaf. Some puniysko African churches had three cella devoted to the same deity. Perhaps the different ethnic groups imagined the same God in different guises.
Construction of residential buildings also were adapted to the local climate and the specific building materials. Outside the house was as surly and devoid of decorations, as well as contemporary homes of wealthy Arabs. In this house windows and doors of premises facing the inner courtyard with a fountain bearing cool.
Decorated mosaic floors, swimming pools, buildings gallery Roman Africa. Starting with a colorful mosaic floors, which the Romans had copied puniytsev, Roman puniyskie masters achieved in the implementation of the mosaics perfect: full of life mosaic pictures illustrating the life and the life of the rich and fertile province.
On the contrary, gloomy look finds that came to us from puniyskoy era (800-100 years. BC): coffins, grave steles, boxes with the symbols of Baal and Tanit. This violent religion demanded sacrifice to the gods firstborn - about 50 000 children were burned at Carthage Tophet alone. Puniyskie worship secretly sent even in Roman times.