Freed from the French in 1957, according to Tunisia became a presidential republic. Until 1987, the country was under the autocratic control of the leader of the movement for independence, President Habib Bourguiba. The opposition parties, although they were allowed, constantly encountered obstacles in their work. Skillfully manipulating the election law, Bourguiba exclude any influence of the opposition and, based on he founded the New Constitutional Liberal Party (New Destour), rules alone. In 1987, the prime minister forced him to resign.
The new president Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali has stimulated smooth liberalization, sending it to the path that led to a relatively free and fair elections in 1994, which allowed him to establish its political influence. After that, the repression against alleged opposition again intensified. According to the "Amnesty International", in police tortured Islamists to silence these already frightened people.
While Islam in Tunisia and declared the state religion of polygamy is forbidden by law. To be legal, marriage or divorce should be made contrary to the requirement of the Quran to the Bureau of Vital Records or the courts. Equal rights for women guaranteed by the Constitution.
Like many Muslim countries, Tunisia has to contend with the growing influence of Islamic groups. So far been able to silence the radical opposition. Its leader, lives in London, in exile. However, even with the government policy of liberalization has to contain the powerful police and military forces in the country, where there is a fear of the Islamist threat - both from within and from neighboring countries in the Arab League Tunisia plays a very important role as a mediator smoothing conflict between radical fraternal states.