Tunisia - the smallest and easternmost of the Maghreb, which apart from him include Algeria and Morocco. Tunisia is bordered on the west by Algeria, on the south-east - with Libya, and from the north and east by the Mediterranean Sea. With their wild, rugged coast, the fertile valley of the river Medjerda, a mountain range of the High cap (continuation of the Atlas Mountains to the east the landscape in the north of Tunisia is very similar to South Europe. More "African" landscape becomes a central part of Tunisia, where mountain ranges turn into meager steppe landscape . During Roman times the olive groves and crops provided here are quite well off. Today, the economy of Tunisia are important phosphate mining, export of dates and bark of the cork oak, and alfa, which is used for the manufacture of woven products and in the production of cellulose.
In the east, the Gulf of Hammamet to Sfax, Tunisian Sahel extends to the coastline - an area with infertile sandy soils and moderate rainfall, which does not allow this to lead intensive agriculture. Sahel grows most of Tunisia's olive trees. Their treatment is the most important, although unstable due to the fall in world prices, the industry of the national economy. Booming tourism - the second most important sector of the economy of the Sahel. In the resorts of Tunisia in 1998, has had over 4 million people. In the south of the Gulf of Gabes in Tunisia is a small island of Djerba, an area of ??about 500 km2.
Around the middle of the country, which extends from north to south is about 900 km, and the hot start farthest south. It is a country marshes, oases and vast spaces covered sand dunes. In the hill country - Dahar - found their last resting Berbers - indigenous people of Tunisia. Scarce rainfall (less than 100 mm. Per year) and the thin topsoil significantly limit development of agriculture in the region.
To the west of the Great Eastern extends Dahar Erg - a real sandy desert, just a what the pictures depict. Then it goes to the Algerian Suf, and from the north desert basin limited Schott, wet marshes. The economy of this region define open in the extreme south of the country oil and gas fields and date palm plantations in the oasis on the edge of the Schott.