In Tozer, oil and small oases of Jerid tree is growing Deglet Nour, one of the best types of palm trees in the world. In the shadow of nearly 1, 8 million trees grown cultures are more "low levels", which, without protecting their foliage trees would have no chance to survive the scorching sun: oranges, lemons, pomegranates and pears, and under them tomatoes, lettuce, onions , pepper, and livestock feed. But no matter how important it is for farmers oasis three-level management, the basic income they still bring dates, especially black, going for export.
The only competitor tozerskih palm trees are of Algerian oasis Biscari whose similar dates from the fall of the Algerian currency available on the world market at a price less than half the price of dates of Jerid. Gardening in the oasis is the centuries old tradition that the tenant as compensation relies fifth of the harvest. The main part of the gardens is the property of a small group of large landowners, who belong to the long-settled here noble birth or to the influential clergy Jerid oases. Some, however, are descendants of nomads who are still in the XIX century. control of the oases.
Along with the intricate relationship between the owners of the land prevails rather complicated system of water use. Invented in the XIV century. revered in Tozeur Ibn Shabbat, it provides each farmer during the day the more water, the more his garden. Submission - is regulated by a complex network of canals and locks. If a farmer had debts, he could pay off his right to water. Today, this intelligent, thought-out system into a plexus complex interdependencies and legal rela - tions between the debtor and creditor - E, which even to agriculture - tsam difficult to sort out what to do - impossible any innovations in rent and cultivation techniques of palm trees.
Modern methods of growing and - watering trees can provide much higher yields and therefore profits. In an exemplary garden nearby oasis of El Hamma one palm harvest brings to six times greater than in Tozeur. This is achieved through better irrigation - by feeding water from deep wells and increase the distance between the palm trees.