After years of planning and economic experiment, which took place against the background of a large public debt and a deep economic stagnation during the rule of Bourguiba, a fresh wind, following the change of government at the highest levels of the Republic of Tunisia, has changed the economic structure. Privatization of public corporations, the liberalization of foreign trade, promote inward investment in the Maghreb in recent years have led to the increase in production of approximately 4% per year.
The most important factor driving the development of the economy is the service sector, which gives 59% of the gross national product. In second place is the industry - 29%, in the third - Agriculture: fruits, grains, olive oil. The share of agriculture in the revenue side of the budget is 12% for the International Monetary Fund through Tunisia reached their positive results - exemplary student of the debtor countries.
Of concern unaligned energy balance: open at El Bormio oil fields are small and in the foreseeable future will not be able to meet the needs of the country. Improving balance can occur through the use of natural gas, large reserves are also explored in El Bormio and Cape Bon.
Falling world prices for agricultural products has caused substantial damage to the agricultural sector economy. Particularly affected Sahel farmers who grow olives, the purchase price for which in recent years has fallen. At the same time, manufacturing industries such as textiles and ceramics, however, are on the rise. With the generous support of the state in the country there are joint ventures with European and Arab partners.
The balance of funds in one way or another connected with the tourism boom, at first glance looks positive more than 4 million tourists visited Tunisia in 1998, but at the same time the national income received only derisory 6, 5% of the cost vacationers, as most of the profits went in the pocket of foreign investors, however, due to year-round influx of foreigners Tunisia received about 70,000 jobs.