Magazine for tourists

Table of contents

Kinds of tourism

Excursion (author BV Emelyanov)


1. Fundamentals Excursion

2. guided technique

 2.1. Ways to improve the excursion technique
 2.2. Technology training new tour
 2.3. Route planning excursions
 2.4. Methods excursions
 2.5. Technique of excursions
3. Professional skills guide

Tunisia (author Danielle shetar Friedrich chum)

In the Sikhote-Alin (author VK Arseniev)

Michail bulgakov. the heart of a dog

Mikhail bulgakov. the master and margarita

Charlotte bronte. jane eyre

F. scott fitzgerald / the great gatsby

Jerome klapka jerome / three men in a boat

     2. guided technique
          2.3. Route planning excursions

Route planning trips

Tour route is the most convenient way of following tour group that will reveal the topic. It is constructed according to the most appropriate for this excursion sequence inspection of facilities, the availability of sites for the location of the group, for the safety of tourists. One of the objectives of the route - to promote the fullest possible disclosure issues.

The basic requirements that must be taken into account The Course - the organization show objects in a logical sequence and provide the basis for the visual of the topic.

In practice, there are three tour agencies variants of routes: chronological, thematic, chronological and subject matter.

An example of the chronological route planning can serve as a tour dedicated to the life and work of prominent people.

Thematically built excursions related to disclosure of certain topics in the life of the city (such as "Archangel built", "Literary Moscow", etc.).

All sightseeing city tours constructed by category-chronological order. The sequence of presentation of the material in chronological order in such excursions observed, usually only during the opening of each chapter.

Route development - a complex multistep process that requires significant skills and being one of the key elements of the technology to create a new tour. In the development of a bus route should be guided by the "Rules of the Road", "Charter of road transport", "Rules of passengers' and other departmental regulations. [52]

Objects, depending on their role in the tour, can be used as primary and secondary.

The main objects are more in-depth analysis, they reveal sub tours.

Show more items, usually carried out at level crossings (crossings) tour group and does not occupy the dominant position.

The route is based on the principle of the most correct sequence of inspection facilities and planned with the following requirements:

- Display items should be in some logical sequence, avoiding unnecessary repeat journeys on the same route segment (streets, squares, bridges, highways), ie the so-called loop;

- The presence of the availability of objects (sites for inspection);

- Transfer or transition between objects should take 10-15 minutes to avoid too long pauses in the show and the story;

- Availability of comfortable stops, including sanitary, and parking of vehicles.

Recommended by the time the tour may have several different movement groups. The need to change the route in some cases caused by transport "mirrors", repair work on city highways. All this must be taken into account in the establishment of various route options.

Development of a bus route ends coordination and approval of the passport and the Itinerary, calculating mileage and time of use of vehicles.


Detour (circumambulation) of the route is an important step in the design of a new excursion theme. When organizing a detour (bypass) route the problem: 1) to review the layout of trails, streets, squares, on which lay a route, and 2) to specify the place where the facility is located, as well as the suspected stop tour bus or walking group, and 3) learn the staircase by bus to objects or parking areas, and 4) the timing hold time required to display the objects, their verbal characteristics and bus transportation (walking group), and specify the duration of the whole trip, and 5) to check the feasibility of using facilities planned display, 6) select best spots to display options for the location of objects and tour group, and 7) to select the method reference to an object, 8) for safety of movement of tourists on the route to detect potentially dangerous areas and take action.


Text is the material needed for a full disclosure of all sub-topics included in the tour. The text is intended to provide a thematic focus narrative guide, it formulated a definite point of view on the facts and events that are the focus of tour, provides an objective assessment of displayed objects.

Requirements for the text: brevity, clarity of, the amount of factual material, the availability of information on the topic, full of the topic, the literary language.

The text of the excursion is the creative team in the development of a new theme and performs control functions. This means that each guide must build the story with regard to the requirements of the text (reference text).

Control text in most cases contains a chronological presentation of the material. This text does not reflect the structure of the tour and is not built in the routing sequence of the distribution of the material presented on the stops, where the analysis of excursion sites. Control text is carefully selected and verified by source material is the basis for all tours conducted on the topic. Using the statements and conclusions contained in the reference text, the guide builds your individual text.

On the basis of the control text can be created versions of excursions on the same topic, including those for children and adults, for different groups of workers.

In order to facilitate the establishment of such options in the control text may include materials related to the objects and sub-themes of the main issues not included in the itinerary of the tour.

In addition to the material for a story guide to control text, include materials, which should make the opening address and the conclusion of tours, and logical transitions. It must be easy to use. Quotes, figures and examples are accompanied by links to sources.

Stocking "PORTFOLIO guide"

Portfolio guide - the code name set of visual aids used during the tour. These benefits are usually placed in a folder or a small portfolio.

One of the objectives of "portfolio guide" is to restore the missing links in the show. The tour also often happens that not all of the objects required for the disclosure of threads remain. For example, tourists can not see: the historic building, which was destroyed by time; villages destroyed during World War II, etc. Sometimes you need to give an idea about the original form of the place where it was being inspected constructed building (residential area). With this purpose, such as photos or village wasteland panorama construction companies, residential community. It may also be the problem to show that the place will be inspectable in the near future. In this case, the excursionists demonstrated the design of buildings, structures and monuments.

The tour also is the need to show pictures of people who are related to the object or the events associated with it (eg, portraits of family members Wolf - Friends of Pushkin - during the tour of the "Pushkin in Upper ring").

More convincing demonstration tour makes copies of original documents, manuscripts, literary works, which explains the guide.

And one more important task of teaching aids for excursions - to give a visual representation of the object (plants, minerals, and the mechanisms by showing genuine samples or photographs, models, molds).

The "portfolio guide" includes photos, maps, diagrams, drawings, pictures, samples, etc. Such "portfolios" are, as a rule, for each topic. They are a constant companion guide and help make any trip to the past and present, more fun and useful. The content of "portfolio" dictated theme tours.

Visual aids "portfolio guide" should be easy to use. Their number should not be large, since in this case the benefits will divert tourists from seeing the real objects dissipate their attention.

The participants of the creative team, preparing a new tour, taken from at their disposal the most expressive visual materials that can help guide in the light theme. Technique demonstration of visual aids test route. Then recommendations for the use of materials "portfolio" include methodological development.

For each exhibit, included in the "portfolio" is applied to a piece of explanation or reference. Sometimes notes are pasted on the back of the exhibit. This abstract is the starting material for the guide at the exhibit show to tourists.

The list of visual materials specific topic included in the "portfolio guide" should be refined throughout the development of the new excursion theme.

Great help in the selection of visuals for "portfolio" tour organizations have museums, exhibitions, archives.

DEFINITION OF TRAVEL instructional techniques

The success of the tour is directly dependent on the used of techniques in her show and story. [53] The choice of the methodological procedure is dictated by the tasks set before the tour, information saturation specific object.

The work of the creative team at this stage consists of several parts: a selection of the most effective instructional techniques for lighting sub-themes of techniques that are recommended depending on the excursion audience (adults and children), the time of the tour (winter, summer, afternoon, evening), features show; determination techniques preserve the attention of tourists and enhancing the perception of the tour material, make recommendations on the use of means of expression in speech guide; selection rules techniques of guided tours. It is equally important to determine the technology of use of techniques.


Technique of trips together all organizational tour process. Authors bus tour, for example, to think carefully about when and where tourists come to inspect the object, as is the movement of tourists between the objects, as shown when the exhibits "portfolio guide", etc. Appropriate entries are made in the column methodological development "Organizational instructions." These guidelines are addressed and the bus driver. For example, where in the supply bus, where you need to go slowly to observe the object out of the window. Separate instructions apply to excursionists (safety regulations in the street, getting off the bus, accommodation in the cabin). It is important to make recommendations: use of pauses in the tours, on compliance with the time allocated for the coverage of subtopics, the organization of the answers to the questions of tourists, the technique of using items "portfolio", on the order of laying wreaths, etc. Equally important are the instructions on the location guide when displaying objects, independent work guide tourists on the route, carrying the story while driving the bus.


Methodical development - a document that defines how to conduct this tour, how best to display monuments, what methods and techniques of reference should apply to tour was effective. Methodical development sets out the requirements excursion techniques allowing for the maintenance of facilities and demonstrated the material presented. It disciplines the guide and must meet the following requirements: give way to the tour guide of the topic, to arm his most effective instructional techniques and show the story, provide clear guidance on the organization of excursions, consider the interests of a particular group of tourists (with options for excursions); joining the show and story together.

Methodical development is made on each topic excursions, including a differentiated approach to the preparation and conduct tours. In embodiments of the methodological design reflects age, professional and other interests of tourists, particularly methods of its implementation.

Making methodological development is as follows:

- On the front page are the data: the name of the tour agencies, tour the topic name, the type of trip, length of the route, the duration in academic hours, the composition of tourists, the names and titles of the drafters, the date of approval of the head excursion tour agencies;

- On the next page outlines the purpose and objectives of trips, the circuit route and the objects and stops during the tour.

Methodical development consists of three parts: introduction, body and conclusion. Introduction and conclusion is not spread through the graph. Here, for example, look like the tour guide recommendations on the construction of the entry in the methodological development of tours on "Tyumen - Gateway to Siberia": "First of all, you should be familiar with the group name the tour guide and driver, then remind excursionists rules of conduct on the bus, warning them that ask questions and share experiences they can, when will be provided for this time. The information should include the topic of the route, the duration of trips, but it is desirable to do so to create interest in the subject, to draw the attention of tourists, ie This part of the entry should be bright, emotional. It may begin in verse of Pushkin or quote, saying the Decembrists of great riches of Siberia, a great future of this harsh region. " The landing place is determined by the group in due course together with the customer, place the excursion defined methodologies.

Methodological development effectiveness depends on the proper filling of all seven count. Size of development - 6-12 typewritten pages. Length of the document depends on the number of excursion sites, the number of sub-themes, tour duration time and distance traveled.

Under "Tour route" is a point and the end of the excursion I subtopics.

Under "Stop" are those points of the route, which provided a way out of the bus, assuming examination of the object from the windows of the bus without leaving tourists and provides a stop on the walking tour. Do not make these inaccurate records, such as: "Volga embankment 'or' central square." Correct to write: "Volga river embankment near the monument to Nikolai Nekrasov."

Under "Display Objects" lists the memorials, the main and additional objects, which show the group at the bus stop, on the move or move the group to the next stop.

In-town trips display objects can be a whole town, village, township, and when driving on the route - visible from a distance of (a tall building, tower, steeple, etc.). In urban excursions display objects may be a street or square.

The column "Duration". Time, which is called in this column represents the amount of time it takes to display the object, story of the guide (the part where there is no screening) and on the movement of tourists on the route to the next stop. Here we need to consider the time it takes to move around to inspect objects and between objects.

The column "Name of sub-topics and a list of key issues," contains brief notes. The first is called the sub-theme, which is revealed in this part of the route, in this period of time, the listed in column 3 of the sites. Here we state the main issues set out in the disclosure of subtopics. For example, in the city of Poltava city tour in one of the sub-themes is called "Poltava in the Northern War between Sweden and Russia." The main issues covered in this sub-theme - "Swedes in Ukraine" and "Battle of Poltava". In the sub-theme of "Virgin Soil of Old Town" reveals the basic questions: "Housing in the City", "The development of culture and art," "Construction of a sports complex." The number of basic issues within the sub-theme should not exceed five.

Under "Organizational information" put recommendations on the movement of the group, the security of tourists on the route and the implementation of health and sanitation requirements, rules of conduct of the excursion participants in memorial places and monuments of history and culture.

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