Magazine for tourists

Table of contents

Kinds of tourism

Excursion (author BV Emelyanov)


1. Fundamentals Excursion

2. guided technique

3. Professional skills guide

 3.1. The tour guide, a profession
 3.2. Personality guide
 3.3. Ekskursovodcheskoe skill
 3.4. Skills guide
 3.5. This guide
 3.6. Vnerechevye communication
Tunisia (author Danielle shetar Friedrich chum)

In the Sikhote-Alin (author VK Arseniev)

Michail bulgakov. the heart of a dog

Mikhail bulgakov. the master and margarita

Charlotte bronte. jane eyre

F. scott fitzgerald / the great gatsby

Jerome klapka jerome / three men in a boat

     3. Professional skills guide
          3.4. Skills guide

Skills guide

The basis of the professional skills are his guide skills. "Skills - Mastering the subject is able to perform the actions provided by the totality of the knowledge and skills". [57]

For the formation of the professional skills required in-depth knowledge and ability to master the instructional techniques (ie, the ability to take advantage of the specific practical skills to bring into effect the reception). There are various ways of acquiring skills guides: the repetition of the experience of other guides, performing training exercises, listening tours, etc. One of the most important skills of the guide is the layout of the presented knowledge to tourists in any combination, in combination, as they are necessary for the audience.

Skill called the ability to perform a certain action. This ability is achieved by repeated repetition of the same exercise. As a result, the employee acquired the habits that allow him to do the job more efficiently. To guide such actions are the preparations and conduct tours. His habits are becoming manner, the order and sequence of "operations" during the tours. Based on the acquired habits are formed and refined skills. Thus, skill - is the practice of the exhaust guide, produced by the same scheme (focus, consistency, the same amount of time, etc.). Skill can be defined as a high degree of skill. Skill is an action done automatically. Conscious control of the performer for such acts to a minimum. Acquire the habit does not only make the job faster and more accurate, but also perform it with more confidence. [58]

Skills of the guide can be divided into several groups: the skills to develop a new theme tours, skills display objects in the tour, the tour narrative skills, technology skills of tours, skills demonstration exhibits "portfolio guide"; skills excursion audience; speech etiquette skills, skills book, in the museum, the exhibition in the archive; skills training to conduct tours, excursions advertising skills, skills-posleeks kursionnoy work, listening skills excursions. They can be classified according to the degree of difficulty, the level of automaticity, the presence of creative elements, etc.

In the course of practice is a process of interaction between the various skills (eg, skills, speech and demonstration facilities, showing monuments and use of visual aids). Interaction skills is reflected in the integrated use of techniques, in their influence on each other.

Improving the efficiency of trips associated with the formation of excursion skills and their constant improvement.

In the mastering of techniques and skills to use them, there are two main ways. The first of them - a spontaneous way of trial and error, it is more durable and less effective. The guide uses techniques independently analyzes the level of effectiveness, improving skills, making changes in the process of their application, detects and corrects errors and mistakes. Second - managed path involves the formulation and solution of specific problems - mastering certain skills and in sequence. This results in the formation of skills with the properties that are required to practice as a specialist guide specific industry knowledge (historian, philologist, botany, mechanical engineer, architect). The controlled way of forming skills, various forms of training: training exercises on the tour route around the object, the study of instructional materials, visiting tours, listening to tape recordings of excursions, learning training material, etc.

The system of training exercises. During rehearsals without original tour group repeatedly repeat certain elements of a particular trip. Usually this instructional techniques show objects and stories, which are based on a particular methodological technique of presenting verbal material. Classes are conducted by experienced guides, or Methodists. In this case, for example, working out ways to use objects from the "portfolio guide" or placement options tourists on site display of the object. During these exercises digested refined and automated actions guide.

No less important place in the course of exercise guides, which use a certain technique. They first performed in slow motion. Then the pace quickens as you learn skills guide. Repetition of the same exercise leads to the development of their automaticity in their actions.

There are different forms of organization of work - field trips, field studies at the object, business games. On the field trip seeks to isolate specific skills used by the guide in presenting the material in a particular tour. Participants are offered the questions: What skills are used when displaying objects guide? Is the use of the skills? What kind of skills do you think is more difficult to digest? What is the degree of automaticity in the use of skills? Can see some tourists techniques used guide?

Improving skills can use variations of the tour guide tours for people with different backgrounds.

Certain complexity is the development of skills in observation guides. Purpose of the exercise - to develop quickness of perception of the observed object. Here is the content of one of these exercises: tour guides for 20-30 seconds shows a few items. Then ask: what each of you have seen? As shown things look? Which one is most interested in? Exercise is repeated several times. Time of the meeting (in seconds) with each repetition is reduced, and the number of parts increases seen.

Another group exercise guides directs attention to the comparison of similar items together. Before starting the exercise given the task to call signs, the details that distinguish the observed objects. Participants exercise, comparing the observed objects articulate what distinguishes one thing from another. Thus forming the skills of observation. Depending on the content of excursions, nature and characteristics of objects arranged for guides and other exercises. However, their purpose remains the same - the formation of practical skills for excursions.

Homework. A great place to guide professional development, formation and retention of skills is homework. The characteristic feature of this type of training - specific. Tour guide, for example, given the task to rehearse the techniques of receiving reconstruction when showing the monument to the city tour, welcome to use gestures, etc.

Efficiency excursion depends not only on the knowledge and skills of the guide, but also on the skills of tourists have skills of observation objects of their attention to the story of the guide, the ability to perceive the actual material, make the necessary conclusions. So an important task of the excursion is to teach tourists to see and perceive the objects, ie inculcate certain skills of observation and study of objects.


Skill - is defined, used the practice of acts committed in the habit of automatically. These actions are always held on the same circuit. Methodical procedure of tours and skill are inextricably linked, as the skill is the way to use of instructional techniques in practice. Fastening techniques possible with repeated exercise. Scheme - methodical procedure? presentation of the material and the skill? skill in the use of instructional techniques perfectly - during the trip should operate automatically.

Test questions:

1. Ability - the proper execution of certain actions.

2. The concept of "skill." Relationship skills.

3. Classification skills. The main groups of skills.

4. Formation and skills.

5. Use of skills in the excursions.

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