Magazine for tourists

Table of contents

Kinds of tourism

Excursion (author BV Emelyanov)


1. Fundamentals Excursion

2. guided technique

3. Professional skills guide

Tunisia (author Danielle shetar Friedrich chum)

In the Sikhote-Alin (author VK Arseniev)

Michail bulgakov. the heart of a dog

Mikhail bulgakov. the master and margarita

Charlotte bronte. jane eyre

F. scott fitzgerald / the great gatsby

Jerome klapka jerome / three men in a boat

     Michail bulgakov. the heart of a dog


We do not know what Philip Philipovich had decided to do. He did

nothing in particular during the subsequent week and perhaps as a result of

this things began happening fast.

About six days after the affair with the bath-water and the cat, the

young person from the house committee who had turned out to be a woman came

to Sharikov and handed him some papers. Sharikov put them into his pocket

and immediately called Doctor Bormenthal.


'Kindly address me by my name and patronymic!' retorted Bormenthal, his

expression clouding. I should mention that in the past six days the great

surgeon had managed to quarrel eight times with his ward Sharikov and the

atmosphere in the flat was tense.

'All right, then you can call me by my name and patronymic too!'

replied Sharikov with complete justification.

'No!' thundered Philip Philipovich from the doorway. 'I forbid you to

utter such an idiotic name in my flat. If you want us to stop calling you

Sharikov, Doctor Bormenthal and I will call you "Mister Sharikov".'

'I'm not mister - all the "misters" are in Paris!' barked Sharikov.

'I see Shvonder's been at work on you!' shouted Philip Philipovich.

'Well, I'll fix that rascal. There will only be "misters" in my flat as long

as I'm living in it! Otherwise either I or you will get out, and it's more

likely to be you. I'm putting a "room wanted" advertisement in the papers

today and believe me I intend to find you a room.'

'You don't think I'm such a fool as to leave here, do you?' was

Sharikov's crisp retort.

'What?' cried Philip Philipovich. Such a change came over his

expression that Bormenthal rushed anxiously to his side and gently took him

by the sleeve.

'Don't you be so impertinent, Monsieur Sharikov!' said Bormenthal,

raising his voice. Sharikov stepped back and pulled three pieces of paper

out of his pocket - one green, one yellow and one white, and said as he

tapped them with his fingers:

'There. I'm now a member of this residential association and the tenant

in charge of flat No. 5, Preobrazhensky, has got to give me my entitlement

of thirty-seven square feet . . .' Sharikov thought for a moment and then

added a word which Bormenthal's mind automatically recorded as new -


Philip Philipovich bit his lip and said rashly:

'I swear I'll shoot that Shvonder one of these days.'

It was obvious from the look in Sharikov's eyes that he had taken

careful note of the remark.

'Vorsicht, Philip Philipovich . . .' warned Bormenthal.

'Well, what do you expect? The gall of it . . .!' shouted Philip

Philipovich in Russian.

'Look here, Sharikov ... Mister Sharikov ... If you commit one more

piece of impudence I shall deprive you of your dinner, in fact of all your

food. Thirty-seven square feet may be all very well, but there's nothing on

that stinking little bit of paper which says that I have to feed you!'

Frightened, Sharikov opened his mouth.

'I can't go without food,' he mumbled. 'Where would I eat?'

'Then behave yourself!' cried both doctors in chorus. Sharikov relapsed

into meaningful silence and did no harm to anybody that day with the

exception of himself - taking advantage of Bormenthal's brief absence he got

hold of the doctor's razor and cut his cheek-bone so badly that Philip

Philipovich and Doctor Bormenthal had to bandage the cut with much wailing

and weeping on Sharikov's part.

Next evening two men sat in the green twilight of the professor's study

- Philip Philipovich and the faithful, devoted Bormenthal. The house was

asleep. Philip Philipovich was wearing his sky-blue dressing gown and red

slippers, while Bormenthal was in his shirt and blue braces. On the round

table between the doctors, beside a thick album, stood a bottle of brandy, a

plate of sliced lemon and a box of cigars. Through the smoke-laden air the

two scientists were heatedly discussing the latest event: that evening

Sharikov had stolen two 10-rouble notes which had been lying under a

paperweight in Philip Philipovich's study, had disappeared from the flat and

then returned later completely drunk. But that was not all. With him had

come two unknown characters who had created a great deal of noise on the

front staircase and expressed a desire to spend the night with Sharikov. The

individuals in question were only removed after Fyodor, appearing on the

scene with a coat thrown over his underwear, had telephoned the 45th

Precinct police station. The individuals vanished instantly as soon as

Fyodor had replaced the receiver. After they had gone it was found that a

malachite ashtray had mysteriously vanished from a console in the hall, also

Philip Philipovich's beaver hat and his walking-stick with a gold band

inscribed: 'From the grateful hospital staff to Philip Philipovich in memory

of "X"-day with affection and respect/

'Who were they?' said Philip Philipovich aggressively, clenching his

fists. Staggering and clutching the fur-coats, Sharikov muttered something

about not knowing who they were, that they were a couple of bastards but

good chaps.

'The strangest thing of all was that they were both drunk . . . How did

they manage to lay their hands on the stuff?' said Philip Philipovich in

astonishment, glancing at the place where his presentation walking-stick had

stood until recently.

'They're experts,' explained Fyodor as he returned home to bed with a

rouble in his pocket.

Sharikov categorically denied having stolen the 20 roubles, mumbling

something indistinct about himself not being the only person in the flat.

'Aha, I see - I suppose Doctor Bormenthal stole the money?' enquired

Philip Philipovich in a voice that was quiet but terrifying in its


Sharikov staggered, opened his bleary eyes and offered the suggestion:

'Maybe Zina took it . . .*

'What?' screamed Zina, appearing in the doorway like a spectre,

clutching an unbuttoned cardigan across her bosom.

'How could he . . .'

Philip Philipovich's neck flushed red.

'Calm down, Zina,' he said, stretching out his arm to her, 'don't get

upset, we'll fix this.'

Zina immediately burst into tears, her mouth fell wide open and her

hand dropped from her bosom.

'Zina - aren't you ashamed? Who could imagine you taking it? What a

disgraceful exhibition!' said Bormenthal in deep embarrassment.

'You silly girl, Zina, God forgive you . . .' began Philip Philipovich.

But at that moment Zina stopped crying and the others froze in horror -

Sharikov was feeling unwell. Banging his head against the wall, he was

emitting a moan that was pitched somewhere between the vowels 'i' and 'o' -

a sort of 'eeuuhh'. His face turned pale and his jaw twitched convulsively.

'Look out - get the swine that bucket from the consulting-room!'

Everybody rushed to help the ailing Sharikov. As he staggered off to

bed supported by Bormenthal he swore gently and melodiously, despite a

certain difficulty in enunciation.

The whole affair had occurred around 1 am and now it was Sam, but the

two men in the study talked on, fortified by brandy and lemon. The tobacco

smoke in the room was so dense that it moved about in slow, flat, unruffled


Doctor Bormenthal, pale but determined, raised his thin-stemmed glass.

'Philip Philipovich,' he exclaimed with great feeling, 'I shall never

forget how as a half-starved student I came to you and you took me under

your wing. Believe me, Philip Philipovich, you are much more to me than a

professor, a teacher . . . My respect for you is boundless . . . Allow me to

embrace you, dear Philip Philipovich . . .'

'Yes, yes, my dear fellow . . .' grunted Philip Philipovich in

embarrassment and rose to meet him. Bormenthal embraced him and kissed him

on his bushy, nicotine-stained moustaches.

'Honestly, Philip Phili . . .'

'Very touching, very touching . . . Thank you,' said Philip

Philipovich. 'I'm afraid I sometimes bawl at you during operations. You must

forgive an old man's testiness. The fact is I'm really so lonely ..."...

from Granada to Seville . . ." '

'How can you say that, Philip Philipovich?' exclaimed Bormenthal with

great sincerity. 'Kindly don't talk like that again unless you want to

offend me . . .'

'Thank you, thank you ..."... to the banks of the sacred Nile ..."...

thank you ... I liked you because you were such a competent doctor.'

'I tell you, Philip Philipovich, it's the only way . . .' cried

Bormenthal passionately. Leaping up from his place he firmly shut the door

leading into the corridor, came back and went on in a whisper: 'Don't you

see, it's the only way out? Naturally I wouldn't dare to offer you advice,

but look at yourself, Philip Philipovich - you're completely worn out,

you're in no fit state to go on working!'

'You're quite right,' agreed Philip Philipovich with a sigh.

'Very well, then, you agree this can't go on,' whispered Bormenthal.

'Last time you said you were afraid for me and I wish you knew, my dear

professor, how that touched me. But I'm not a child either and I can see

only too well what a terrible affair this could be. But I am deeply

convinced that there is no other solution.'

Philip Philipovich stood up, waved his arms at him and cried:

'Don't tempt me. Don't even mention it.' The professor walked up and

down the room, disturbing the grey swathes. 'I won't hear of it. Don't you

realise what would happen if they found us out? Because of our "social

origins" you and I would never get away with it, despite the fact of it

being our first offence. I don't suppose your "origins" are any better than

mine, are they?'

'I suppose not. My father was a plain-clothes policeman in Vilno,' said

Bormenthal as he drained his brandy glass.

'There you are, just as I thought. From the Bolshevik's point of view

you couldn't have come from a more unsuitable background. Still, mine is

even worse. My father was dean of a cathedral. Perfect. ". . . from Granada

to Seville ... in the silent shades of night. . ." So there we are.'

'But Philip Philipovich, you're a celebrity, a figure of world-wide

importance, and just because of some, forgive the expression, bastard . . .

Surely they can't touch you!'

'All the same, I refuse to do it,' said Philip Philipovich


He stopped and stared at the glass-fronted cabinet. 'But why?'

'Because you are not a figure of world importance.' 'But what . . .'

'Come now, you don't think I could let you take the rap while I shelter

behind my world-wide reputation, do you? Really . . . I'm a Moscow

University graduate, not a Sharikov.'

Philip Philipovich proudly squared his shoulders and looked like an

ancient king of France.

'Well, then, Philip Philipovich,' sighed Bormenthal. 'What's to be

done? Are you just going to wait until that hooligan turns into a human


Philip Philipovich stopped him with a gesture, poured himself a brandy,

sipped it, sucked a slice of lemon and said:

'Ivan Arnoldovich. Do you think I understand a little about the anatomy

and physiology of, shall we say, the human brain? What's your opinion?'

'Philip Philipovich - what a question!' replied Bormenthal with deep

feeling and spread his hands.

'Very well. No need, therefore, for any false modesty. I also believe

that I am perhaps not entirely unknown in this field in Moscow.'

'I believe there's no one to touch you, not only in Moscow but in

London and Oxford too!' Bormenthal interrupted furiously.

'Good. So be it. Now listen to me, professor-to-be-Bor-menthal: no one

could ever pull it off. It's obvious. No need to ask. If anybody asks you,

tell them that Preobrazhensky said so. Finite. Klim!' - Philip Philipovich

suddenly cried triumphantly and the glass cabinet vibrated in response.

'Klim,' he repeated. 'Now, Bormenthal, you are the first pupil of my school

and apart from that my friend, as I was able to convince myself today. So I

will tell you as a friend, in secret - because of course I know that you

wouldn't expose me - that this old ass Preobrazhensky bungled that operation

like a third-year medical student. It's true that it resulted in a discovery

- and you know yourself just what sort of a discovery that was' - here

Philip Philipovich pointed sadly with both hands towards the window-blind,

obviously pointing to Moscow - 'but just remember, Ivan Arnoldovich, that

the sole result of that discovery will be that from now on we shall all have

that creature Sharik hanging round our necks' - here Preobrazhensky slapped

himself on his bent and slightly sclerotic neck - 'of that you may be sure!

If someone,' went on Philip Philipovich with relish, 'were to knock me down

and skewer me right now, I'd give him 50 roubles reward! ". . . from Granada

to Seville ..."... Dammit, I spent five years doing nothing but extracting

cerebral appendages . . . You know how much work I did on the subject - an

unbelievable amount. And now comes the crucial question - what for? So that

one fine day a nice litde dog could be transformed into a specimen of

so-called humanity so revolting that he makes one's hair stand on end.'

'Well, at least it is a unique achievement.'

'I quite agree with you. This, doctor, is what happens when a

researcher, instead of keeping in step with nature, tries to force the pace

and lift the veil. Result - Sharikov. We have made our bed and now we must

lie on it.'

'Supposing the brain had been Spinoza's, Philip Philipovich?'

'Yes!' bellowed Philip Philipovich. 'Yes! Provided the wretched dog

didn't die under the knife - and you saw how tricky the operation was. In

short - I, Philip Preobrazhensky would perform the most difficult feat of my

whole career by transplanting Spinoza's, or anyone else's pituitary and

turning a dog into a highly intelligent being. But what in heaven's name

for? That's the point. Will you kindly tell me why one has to manufacture

artificial Spinozas when some peasant woman may produce a real one any day

of the week? After all, the great Lomonosov was the son of a peasant woman

from Kholmogory. Mankind, doctor, takes care of that. Every year evolution

ruthlessly casts aside the mass of dross and creates a few dozen men of

genius who become an ornament to the whole world. Now I hope you understand

why I condemned the deductions you made from Sharikov's case history. My

discovery, which you are so concerned about, is worth about as much as a

bent penny . . . No, don't argue, Ivan Arnoldovich, I have given it careful

thought. I don't give my views lightly, as you well know. Theoretically the

experiment was interesting. Fine. The physiologists will be delighted.

Moscow will go mad ... But what is its practical value? What is this

creature?' Preobrazhensky pointed toward the consulting-room where Sharikov

was asleep.

'An unmitigated scoundrel.'

'But what was Klim . . . Klim,' cried the professor. 'What was Klim

Chugunkin?' (Bormenthal opened his mouth.) 'I'll tell you: two convictions,

an alcoholic, "take away all property and divide it up", my beaver hat and

20 roubles gone' - (At this point Philip Philipovich also remembered his

presentation walking-stick and turned purple.) - 'the swine! ... I'll get

that stick back somehow ... In short the pituitary is a magic box which

determines the individual human image. Yes, individual ..."... from Granda

to Seville . . ." ' shouted Philip Philipovich, his eyes rolling furiously,

'but not the universal human image. It's the brain itself in miniature. And

it's of no use to me at all - to hell with it. I was concerned about

something quite different, about eugenics, about the improvement of the

human race. And now I've ended up by specialising in rejuvenation. You don't

think I do these rejuvenation operations because of the money, do you? I am

a scientist.'

'And a great scientist!' said Bormenthal, gulping down his brandy. His

eyes grew bloodshot.

'I wanted to do a little experiment as a follow-up to my success two

years ago in extracting sex hormone from the pituitary. Instead of that what

has happened? My God! What use were those hormones in the pituitary . . .

Doctor, I am faced by despair. I confess I am utterly perplexed.'

Suddenly Bormenthal rolled up his sleeves and said, squinting at the

tip of his nose:

'Right then, professor, if you don't want to, I will take the risk of

dosing him with arsenic myself. I don't care if my father was a

plain-clothes policeman under the old regime. When all's said and done this

creature is yours - your own experimental creation.'

Philip Philipovich, limp and exhausted, collapsed into his chair and


'No, my dear boy, I won't let you do it. I'm sixty, old enough to give

you advice. Never do anything criminal, no matter for what reason. Keep your

hands clean all your life.'

'But just think, Philip Philipovich, what he may turn into if that

character Shvonder keeps on at him! I'm only just beginning to realise what

Sharikov may become, by God!'

'Aha, so you realise now, do you? Well I realised it ten days after the

operation. My only comfort is that Shvonder is the biggest fool of all. He

doesn't realise that Sharikov is much more of a threat to him than he is to

me. At the moment he's doing all he can to turn Sharikov against me, not

realising that if someone in their turn sets Sharikov against Shvonder

himself, there'll soon be nothing left of Shvonder but the bones and the


'You're right. Just think of the way he goes for cats. He's a man with

the heart of a dog.'

'Oh, no, no,' drawled Philip Philipovich in reply. 'You're making a big

mistake, doctor. For heaven's sake don't insult the dog. His reaction to

cats is purely temporary . . . It's a question of discipline, which could be

dealt with in two or three weeks, I assure you. Another month or so and

he'll stop chasing them.'

'But why hasn't he stopped by now?' 'Elementary, Ivan Arnoldovich . . .

think what you're saying. After all, the pituitary is not suspended in a

vacuum. It is, after all, grafted on to a canine brain, you must allow time

for it to take root. Sharikov now only shows traces of canine behaviour and

you must remember this - chasing after cats is the least objectionable thing

he does! The whole horror of the situation is that he now has a human heart,

not a dog's heart. And about the rottenest heart in all creation!'

Bormenthal, wrought to a state of extreme anxiety, clenched his

powerful sinewy hands, shrugged and said firmly:

'Very well, I shall kill him!'

'I forbid it!' answered Philip Philipovich categorically.


Philip Philipovich was suddenly on the alert. He raised his finger.

'Wait ... I heard footsteps.'

Both listened intently, but there was silence in the corridor.

'I thought. . .' said Philip Philipovich and began speaking German,

several times using the Russian word 'crime'.

'Just a minute,' Bormenthal suddenly warned him and strode over to the


Footsteps could be clearly heard approaching the study, and there was a

mumble of voices. Bormenthal flung open the door and started back in

amazement. Appalled, Philip Philipovich froze in his armchair. In the bright

rectangle of the doorway stood Darya Petrovna in nothing but her nightdress,

her face hot and furious. Both doctor and professor were dazzled by the

amplitude of her powerful body, which their shock caused them to see as

naked. Darya Petrovna was dragging something along in her enormous hands and

as that 'something' came to a halt it slid down and sat on its bottom. Its

short legs, covered in black down, folded up on the parquet floor. The

'something', of course, was Sharikov, confused, still slightly drunk,

dishevelled and wearing only a shirt.

Darya Petrovna, naked and magnificent, shook Sharikov like a sack of

potatoes and said:

'Just look at our precious lodger Telegraph Telegraphovich. I've been

married, but Zina's an innocent girl. It was a good thing I woke up.'

Having said her piece, Darya Petrovna was overcome by shame, gave a

scream, covered her bosom with her arms and vanished.

'Darya Petrovna, please forgive us,' the red-faced Philip Philipovich

shouted after her as soon as he had regained his senses.

Bormenthal rolled up his shirtsleeves higher still and bore down on

Sharikov. Philip Philipovich caught the look in his eye and said in horror:

'Doctor! I forbid you . . .'

With his right hand Bormenthal picked up Sharikov by the scruff of his

neck and shook him so violently that the material of his shirt tore.

Philip Philipovich threw himself between them and began to drag the

puny Sharikov free from Bormenthal's powerful surgeon's hands.

'You haven't any right to beat me,' said Sharikov in a stifled moan,

rapidly sobering as he slumped to the ground. 'Doctor!' shrieked Philip

Philipovich. Bormenthal pulled himself together slightly and let Sharikov

go. He at once began to whimper.

'Right,' hissed Bormenthal, 'just wait till tomorrow. I'll fix a little

demonstration for him when he sobers up.' With this he grabbed Sharikov

under the armpit and dragged him to his bed in the waiting-room. Sharikov

tried to kick, but his legs refused to obey him.

Philip Philipovich spread his legs wide, sending the skirts of his robe

flapping, raised his arms and his eyes towards the lamp in the corridor

ceiling and sighed.

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