Magazine for tourists

Table of contents

Kinds of tourism

Excursion (author BV Emelyanov)

 1.1. Excursion as science
 1.2. Essence tour
 1.3. The functions and features of the tour
 1.4. Method of learning tour
 1.5. Tour as a pedagogical process
 1.6. Elements of psychology tours
 1.7. The logic in excursions
 1.8. Classification Tour
 1.9. The topics and content excursions
 1.10. Show tours
 1.11. The story in the tour
 1.12. The combination of the show and the story in the tour

 1.1. Excursion as science
 1.2. Essence tour
 1.3. The functions and features of the tour
 1.4. Method of learning tour
 1.5. Tour as a pedagogical process
 1.6. Elements of psychology tours
 1.7. The logic in excursions
 1.8. Classification Tour
 1.9. The topics and content excursions
 1.10. Show tours
 1.11. The story in the tour
 1.12. The combination of the show and the story in the tour
1. Fundamentals Excursion

 1.1. Excursion as science
 1.2. Essence tour
 1.3. The functions and features of the tour
 1.4. Method of learning tour
 1.5. Tour as a pedagogical process
 1.6. Elements of psychology tours
 1.7. The logic in excursions
 1.8. Classification Tour
 1.9. The topics and content excursions
 1.10. Show tours
 1.11. The story in the tour
 1.12. The combination of the show and the story in the tour
2. guided technique

3. Professional skills guide

Tunisia (author Danielle shetar Friedrich chum)

In the Sikhote-Alin (author VK Arseniev)

Michail bulgakov. the heart of a dog

Mikhail bulgakov. the master and margarita

Charlotte bronte. jane eyre

F. scott fitzgerald / the great gatsby

Jerome klapka jerome / three men in a boat

     1. Fundamentals Excursion
          1.10. Show tours

Showing Tours

Show - the implementation of the principle of clarity, visual way to get acquainted with a tour object or multiple objects simultaneously (eg, landmarks or architectural monument). Show can be seen as an action (or the sum of actions) of the hotel, aimed at identifying the nature of the subject.

Show on the tour - a multi-faceted process of extracting visual information of the objects, the process by which the actions of tourists are made in sequence, with a specific purpose. The term "screening" is not generally accepted interpretation. As a technical term coined ekskursionistami scientists and is widely used in the methodological literature on excursion business. In dictionaries, the terms "screening" and "demonstration" are identified.

The demonstration is characterized as public display, designed for group perception of an object or phenomenon as actions of a certain person by the object for inspection group of people (tourists, students, pupils).

Display object - a system of targeted actions and guide tourists, monitoring facilities under the supervision of a qualified professional. Screening involves analysis of objects active independent work sightseers.

Show - then show objects, explain, make clear, accessible what they see in front of tourists and direct their activities.

Feature of the show is the ability to discover and reveal a particular quality (property, power) of the observed object, the ability to make clear, it is obvious that imperceptibly at first glance at the subject.

The effectiveness depends on the visibility of the organization display objects, correct their observations of tourists. The man on the tour learns to look and see, watch and learn. This is the objective of the show. Creators tours, developing a theme, should consider the subject of the show, and the purpose of the show as fully disclosed theme tours.

Show grows out of such human-like contemplation and examination. If the contemplation and examination shows no object, there is no leader, there is a passive acceptance of a number of visual objects.

Examination in contrast to the show can be defined as a superficial acquaintance with unscheduled monuments.

Every man alone can examine the appearance house or street, monument, acquainted with the exposition or paintings in an art gallery.

Difference inspection and show is that when viewed from a person perceives only the appearance of the monument. When showing he sees not only a monument, but with the guide distinguishes different sides of, the external features of the object, is involved in their analysis.

Show in the tour is the sum of three components:

- Self-monitoring trippers attractions;

- Familiarize tourists with exhibits "portfolio guide";

- The show under the guide of other techniques (eg, historical tour objects are showing buildings constructed in different eras. Underway display not only the walls of the building, its windows, doors, balconies, and other parts and components, but also of what is hidden behind the walls building - rooms, stairs, corridors, their furniture, life, the lives of people who lived in the house in the reviewed period. tour guide with instructional techniques and show the story establishes a connection between the building and the show event, which took place inside the building near it.)

There is a plot and plotless display object. Narrative works of art are, as a rule, to the historical and genre. As for landscape, still life and portraiture, they usually do not have a plot.

The plot in the works of art embodied in a certain point of action. For example, the extremely topical picture Surikov "Morning Strelets'execution" shows only one moment in history - preparing for the penalty. And at the same time watching the picture, the viewer knows what happened up to this point (strelets revolt). In addition, he knows how it ended (penalty archers), although the scene of the execution itself is not displayed by the artist. Narrative works of art are, as a rule, to the historical and genre. Ability to stage the event show guide helps the viewer to reproduce the past, so that it is reflected in his mind, as in a mirror, is striking in its significance and evokes emotions.

Any scene show on tour has its actors. They are characterized by action. Scene display animates tour activates tourists: they better remember the sites, learn the essence of the events connected with them, and the story itself becomes more specific.

Tasks display on tour as follows:

1) to show the excursion objects that are in front of excursionists;

2) What's that no longer exist (preserved only in photographs or drawings);

3) show a historical event that happened in this place, to recreate its visual picture;

4) shows the effect of a historical figure (writer, artist, general) that occurred in the same place;

5) show the object as it was during the events.

Conditions for display.

Spectacular show tour facilities require certain conditions. In terms of the concept of the show include:

a) well-chosen point of the show;

6) time, more favorable to the show;

c) the possibility to divert the attention of tourists from the objects that are far from the topic;

d) the movement of tourists as a methodological procedure when displaying objects;

e) skills guide;

e) readiness to seeing tourists sites.

There are special circumstances showing architectural objects. For example, showing the architectural monument, do not approach it from the front as well as the perception of the monument will be a planar trippers and picturesque, not architectural. Need to come to the monument to the side so that it was visible three-dimensional (length, height, depth). By St. Basil's Cathedral, for example, can not be approached in the morning of a sunny day from the north - from the Museum of History. "A strong light will kill the three-dimensionality of the monument, put it out of paint, erase the line, make it almost a silhouette". [44] To feel the architectural features, the rhythm of the circular motion of St. Basil, sightseers should bypass its terms, etc.

Technique requires consistency in the implementation of the show on the tour.

Approximate Flow chart showing the guide with the object


Using the steps in the show provides growth experiences, leads to generalizations and conclusions. But not all trips can be carried out show, called up the stairs. For example, has the features of display objects that are far away from the tourists, on the horizon.

For this characteristic panoramic display of the city, and the same applies to the observation of the architectural ensemble. To play it in the mind, excursionists have to throw him a few views. The sum of these views gives an idea of ??the external appearance of the object. The direction of view entails methodological advice and guide the thinking tripper. [45]

Show the effectiveness depends not only on the knowledge and skills of the guide, but also on the form of assistance to tourists in learning objects display. In those cases where the tour includes display complex in its construction (buildings and structures), as well as generic areas, parks, gardens, battlefields, where these objects are located, sightseers can be pre-show it all on mock-ups, models, drawings , plans. It helps to understand the structure of the object, its proportions, the location and proportion of its parts and components and their relation to each other.

The task guide - help to tourists find the point where the best view into the distance. It helps to understand the excursionists spatial relationships between objects, their location relative to each other.

It is important that tourists imagine the size and volume of the object. For this to produce the observed area of ??some other object, which tourists use as scale measurements: a tree, a building, tower, man.

In any object is the main and secondary. The guide highlights the main discards secondary, less significant.

Show in the tour is a two-way process that combines: a) proactive leader (guide), aimed at identifying the nature of sensible objects, and b) active tourists (observation, study, research facilities).

Below is a diagram that shows the increase in the observation of the object and the nature of the guidance guide tour participants.

The guide helps to tourists for its explanation see what is before them. Instructions guide distinguished by the time of impact on the audience. Some are given to a meeting with a tour object, before the observation. Other instructions are tourists during image object when the monument is in the field of view. Others - are given in the end of the study in order to inform the self-examination technique trippers such facilities in the future. Instructions guide can be divided into several groups:

- Orienting tourists on certain parts or details of the object (in time - to follow-up);

- Directing the attention of tourists to a particular object;

- It is recommended to compare the object with another, he had seen them earlier (given in the course of follow-up);

- Explaining the features of an object in order to show them a better understanding (during follow-up);

- Select an object from the band or from a number of others like him from the environment (nature, buildings);

- Offering to draw conclusions based on their observations.

Important to a preliminary study of the features of objects. In such a display of urban trips have objects "talk" to their design features, which feature the architect's design. For this to happen when displaying objects, you should consider their features - size, three-dimensional shape, the appointment during the construction, the functions performed currently coloring.


For the bus trip characterized by four types of display:

1) on the run from the windows of the bus at a speed of 50-60 km / h the guide says that they see tourists. This type of display objects characteristic track excursion information;

2) observation of the windows in the slow movement of the bus when following by visual objects. This gives the opportunity to see the monuments of history and culture, to get a superficial impression of them. Usually, such a display is used to explore the additional objects;

3) observation of objects at the bus stop without leaving tourists out of the car. Show is from the bus window. Is more familiar with the object, memorable places. The ability to use instructional techniques show limited;

4) at the bus stop with access to tourists from the bus. Is a deeper impression. Uses instructional techniques show, tour analysis of the object types.

There are variations of the interaction between man and object outside excursions.

The first option. Examination of the object is a quick character. For example, at all times, a person at work or in other cases. Learn more about the objects encountered on the road, even with interest in them, hampered by lack of adequate time and skills.

Option Two. More detailed examination of the object. This examination takes place during a Sunday stroll through the city of man. Is an independent person familiar with the buildings, historical monuments, streets and squares, the city life. Deeper prevents the observation of the lack of "tripper" of knowledge about, and events associated with them, the lack of skills as well as persons who can provide expert assistance in the examination.

Option three. Examining objects occurs during a group walk around the city, where one of the participants, not being a professional tour guide, having a superficial knowledge of the city's attractions, takes over its function. Trippers received information is fragmentary and not always reliable. The story "guide" in their structure and content like sightseeing waypoint information is for reference only.

Now let's see how this interaction takes place on excursions:

The first option. Inspection is pre-chosen sites. Reported in a story focused on the development of knowledge theme tours. Manages inspection specialist guide. The use of techniques story activates the interaction between man and object. The basis of the inspection plan is. The effectiveness of this option prevents the prevalence of verbal tour started (story).

Option Two. Is showing objects which visual perception and explanation guide called open topic. Leading place instructional techniques show, sightseeing object analysis. When observing objects trippers using the elements of study. The guide uses vnerechevye forms of impact on the audience and image clarity.

Option three. When displaying objects actively uses various types of tour analysis. In the activities of tourists element appears research facilities. Technique show culminates mark. Tour guide appeals to tourists imaginative thinking, helping them to "see" the events of the past, people's actions are the focus of tour.

Show tips on excursions

Show as an essential element of tour (her visual basis) has its own characteristics.

Activity display. Show this is not a passive admiration natural monuments or works created by human hands, and targeted surveillance (study, research) facilities. It is the analysis of sensible objects using excursion methods, the process requires action guide and tourists.

The logical sequence of the show. In each subsequent tour object is a step in the disclosure issues. This fact determines the location of the object among other objects. The logic of the show, a relationship between objects provides a certain sequence.

Utmost importance to the show. Without the show can not tour. Display is primary and where with the help of illustrated story. For most tours objects are the only evidence put forward the argument visual guide positions.

The decisive role of the show. On the tour most of the show is preceded by a story. This led to the birth of the formula: "the story of the show." Basis excursions are visual perceptions and impressions obtained with the assistance of the other senses. They serve as a stimulus to the beginning of the story. But in some cases the show and the story are both used, and sometimes the story is preceded show.

A plot display. Display object in the tour is usually a plot character. By itself, the story in the excursion is more complex than in a work of art. It is characterized by a set of actions, display of the historical events, life and work of masters of culture and a statesman. The thematic tours there is a clear storyline that combines elements of the show and the story. Usually a cultural monument, estate, historic site is subject to the show because of their connection with the history of the state, with particular events.

The paradox of the show is that the visitor sees in the course of the show more than what is in front of him at the moment. Observation of the object under the guide provides conditions for tourists saw more than he would have seen during the inspection of the object itself. This paradox is a formal logical contradiction, which is that a person can "see" the object or part is not currently included in its field of view. For example, mentally he is not only the front wall of the building, but what's behind that wall, inside a building. Based on a story shaped guide his mind's eye there study of the writer, living room filled with people. On examination of the field of Borodino battle sightseers, having received information about the historic event, "see" Russian and French soldiers - members of the battle and others

Result tour is largely determined by the ability to guide show the object, taking advantage of clarity.

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